How to maintain Healthy Gums and Teeth


What is oral hygiene?

Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems, especially the common gum diseases, teeth decay and bed breath. 

At Abdallah & Associates Dental and Implant centre, we are tremendous proponents of preventive care. After all, maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the things you can do to keep your gums healthy. Good oral hygiene requires both professional and personal care. In addition to your daily hygiene routine (brushing, flossing and using rinse) you should visit your dentist at least twice a year for a routine dental exam and cleaning, for optimal results for patients who have had previous treatment for gum diseases, we recommend that patients visit for cleaning every three months. The professional cleaning involves scaling and polishing.


How to prevent Gum disease

Cleaning Teeth

Teeth cleaning is the removal of dental plaque and tartar from the teeth to prevent cavities, gingivitis and gum diseases. Severe gum diseases cause at least two-third of adult tooth loss in Kenya.

1.  Brushing

Brush your teeth in the normal way, paying special attention to the area where your gum and teeth meet. Each tooth has 5 separate surfaces that need cleaning.

To remove plaque with brushing

• Brush thoroughly twice a day.

• Use a soft brush

• Hold the brush at a 45 degrees angle where the gum line meets the teeth 

• Gently vibrate the brush back and forth in a circular motion in place for several seconds.

• Brush your tongue to remove bacteria that cause bad breath.

How to brush properly



1. Clean the back of the teeth

2. Clean the front of the teeth

3. Clean the biting surface

4. Clean the tongue

Interdental brushes

An Interdental brush also called interproximal brush or proxy brush is a small brush, typically disposable either supplied with a reusable angled plastic handle, used for cleaning between teeth and between the wire of dental braces and teeth.



2. Flossing

Your periodontist/dentist recommends daily flossing to clean between teeth and under the gum line.

To remove plaque and food debris with dental floss

• Take about 30cm of floss and wrap it around the middle finger of each hand.

• Make sure the floss is pulled tightly between your fingers 

• Using your thumbs and fore fingers, gently slide the floss between the two teeth.

• Curving it around each tooth, move the floss up and down against each tooth and between the tooth and gum as high or as low as it will comfortably go under the gum line.

• Move on to the next tooth advancing to make a clean section of the floss.

• Repeat the steps above each tooth. 



3. Rinse

For healthier gums and a reduction in plaque. Rinse with mouth wash to complete your brushing and flossing routine.

The mouth wash flows between the teeth and along the gum line to reach those places you may miss with brushing alone.

The type and frequency of the use of the mouth wash will be recommended by your dentist/periodontist.

NB: Healthy gums do not bleed while brushing or flossing.

Early Signs and warning of Gum disease

1. Red and swollen gums

2. Gums that bleed easily

3. Bad breath.

If you have any of these warning signs make a dental appointment right away.


Leave your comments

Post comment as a guest

terms and condition.